TELL CONGRESS: NO NEW NAFTAS - DON'T EXPAND NAFTA TO CENTRAL AMERICA
An Action Alert from Public Citizen's Global Trade Watch, February 23, 2005
To Read Other Action Alerts from the Oakland Institute, click here
TAKE ACTION: CALL YOUR CONGRESSIONAL MEMBER through the U.S. Capitol switchboard at 202-224-3121 TO SAY NO TO CAFTA-NAFTA EXPANSION
Despite the disastrous results of 10 years of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) - including the loss of over 860,000 good jobs, the displacement of 1.3 million Mexican farmers, attacks on state and
local public interest laws by corporations in closed trade tribunals, an
exploding U.S. trade deficit and a toxic environment from unregulated
factory waste along the U.S.-Mexico border - the Bush Administration and
their corporate allies are pushing for more of the same. This time,
they hope to foist the failed NAFTA model on six of the poorest
countries in our hemisphere through the Central America Free Trade
Agreement (CAFTA) which includes Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, El
Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.
CAFTA is just NAFTA with a "C" and would continue the race to the
bottom in labor and environmental standards, forcing downward pressure
on wages and contributing to union busting at home and abroad. Groups
such as Human Rights Watch have urged opposition to the agreement as it
does not require compliance with even the most basic internationally
recognized labor rights - such as laws against child labor - and
specifically fails to protect women workers against discrimination.
This is of particular concern in a region like Central America, which
has a history of labor violations, including the murder of trade
unionists, in its maquila(sweatshop) industry. This industry is
overwhelmingly made of young women workers, who are particularly
vulnerable to harrassment. In most countries the average wage does not
even reach $1/hour. In El Salvador, the ratio of labor enforcement
inspectors to workers is one to 70,270.
But maquila workers aren't the only ones who would suffer if CAFTA is
approved by the U.S. Congress. Central American countries are heavily
agricultural economies, with 5.5 million people dependent on agriculture
for their livelihoods. In Guatemala, more than 60% of the population
are small farmers and campesinos. Under NAFTA, more than a million
Mexican farmers were displaced from their land by a flood of cheap corn
produced by U.S. corporate agri-business giants such as Cargil and
Archers Daniels Midland (ADM). These giant multinationals saw their
profits more than double during the NAFTA period, while prices paid to
U.S. small farmers declined causing 38,000 small U.S. farms to join the
millions of Mexican farmers destroyed by free trade. CAFTA would have
the same impact, displacing rural communities here and there and forcing
people into desperate situations where their options are either
exploitation in the maquila sector of their home countries or, more
frequently, the perilous journey north to seek work in the U.S. For
this reason, immigrant rights groups such as the Salvadoran American
National Network (SANN) and the Confederation of Guatemalan
Organizations (CONGUATE) have joined labor, environmental, consumer,
indigenous rights, family farm and religious groups in both Central
American and the U.S. in opposing this trade pact.
Despite this, the Bush Administration is seeking to push the agreement
through Congress, although it faces heavy opposition from both Democrats
and Republican Members who have seen the results of corporate-managed
"free" trade. The U.S. Trade Representative's office, in partnership
with the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, has mounted an all out push to win
Congressional votes for NAFTA expansion and is currently touring the
country with Ambassadors from Central America to garner support.
Congress is facing pressure from the Big Business lobby who want to
expand their corporate NAFTA power grab. Your Representatives need to
know that their constituents don't support unfair trade that hurts
workers, farmers and our communities at home and abroad.
Help block this anti-democratic, anti-development proposal. Tell your Representative to oppose the CAFTA and urge him/her to work for a just, sustainable model of regional integration. Call your Congressional
Representative through the U.S. Capitol switchboard at 202-224-3121.
Bilaterals.org is a collective effort to share information and stimulate cooperation against bilateral trade and investment agreements that are opening countries to the deepest forms of penetration by transnational corporations.
Public Citizen Global Trade Watch promotes democracy by challenging corporate globalization, arguing that the current globalization model is neither a random inevitability nor "free trade.”