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Overview of Regional Policies and Biosafety Laws in Africa

Overview of Regional Policies and Biosafety Laws in Africa The Current Status By Mariam Mayet African Centre for Biosafety July 2004 Regional Policies and Biosafety Laws in Africa 1. Regional Policies 2. Biotech Investments 3. Biosafety Initiatives Posing a Threat 4. Overview of Biosafety Frameworks 5. Conclusions and Remarks Regional Policies - NEPAD Mugabe’s recommendations SADC Guidelines AU initiatives (a)   NEPAD ∑† Enhancement of capacity; ∑† Regional consensus.   Regional Polcies Con’t (b)   John’ Mugabe’s proposal-est African Panel on Biotech  “African policies are confused” Implementation of BSP Assistance in WTO and othaer for a Harmonisation of Biosafety regulations Network centres of excellence SADC Guidelines on GMOs. Biotech and Biosagfety ·Handling of Food Aid (transit info centre; source regionally; PIC; whole grain milled and sterilised; identification for food aid in transit; FAIT, use AU model law;) Policy and Regulations (dev NBP and NB reg sys, ratification BSP; harmonised policy and reg system AU Model law; no imports of GM grain for seed without approved guidelines; RA case-by-case basis; and every genetic modification should be tested in the environment under which released) Capacity Building (SADC commission studies on impact) ·  Public Awareness and Participation AU’s Initiatives ∑† AU Model law on Safety in Biotechnology ∑† Expert’ Committee’s recommendations;  Biotech Investments $ 100 million-CABIO-US government at WSSD Monsanto Fund ISAAA projects (funded by USAID, Bayer, CropScience, Monsanto, Pioneer, Syngenta, Cargill, Dow, USDA) AATF-MOA signed in Burkina Faso at June WA conference Biotech Investments con’t IITP & CGIAR –“Harvest Plan” for 2nd generation GM crops ($ 100 million of which $25 million from Bill Gates) Mali-Study by GRAIN-Monsanto, Syngenta, Dow Agrosciences supported by USAID 5 year roll out plan for GM cotton; Nigeria-USAID MOA with govt of Nigeria and IITP N400 million for agricultural biotech R&D Biosafety Initiatives Posing a Threat ∑ USAID at the forefront-APBS ∑†Private sector partners-Asgrow, Monsanto Corp, Gart seed comp, Pioneer Hi-Bred, DNA plant tech; ∑†Southern Africa-SARB-influence on Malawi BF, clearest example of undue influence; ∑†East and Central Africa-ASARECA; ∑††USAIDs, PBS-run by ISNAR $14. 8 million Overview of Biosafety Frameworks South Africa-Biosafety Law Zambia-response to USAID’s comments Uganda-background information-push for Bt cotton Kenya-Draft Bill Malawi-Biosafety framework under SARB Cameroon-Biosafety Law. Regional Policies and Biosafety Laws and Policies Conclusion Remarks THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION AND PARTICIPATION