Little Hope for Displaced Sri Lankans to Have Land Returned
Niranjani Roland and Asanka Fernando, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Punchirala Somasiri feels helpless whenever his oldest child asks for extra money to buy things for school. Most of the time he has to borrow money from a friend to give to his child.
Somasiri was a successful farmer until a group of men forced him and his family off their land in Ampara district in southeast Sri Lanka in 2010.
"The men wore masks and they set fire to our houses and the paddy field," says Somasiri who is now the secretary of Panam Paththuwa Protecting Organization, a local land activist group. He believes the men were working on behalf of corrupt officials.
Around 350 families were displaced and the police kept them away from their land for a year, says Somasiri, who is Sinhalese.
He says the navy ended up building a camp and a hotel — Panama Lagoon Cabana — on some of the land.
Early last year, Sri Lanka's cabinet decided to release 340 acres of the original 365 acres back to the farmers. However the decision remains unenforced despite reminders being sent to the authorities from Somasiri's organization.
Somasiri and his fellow farmer's plight is not an isolated case.
Father Sarath Iddamalgoda, from the Archdiocese of Colombo, says that Sri Lanka has had land-grabbing issues for decades.
"Since the 1970s there has been a rush of land grabbing. During the 1980s a lot of it occurred in the Moneragala district for sugar cultivation," Father Iddamalgoda says.
Land grabbing went into overdrive after Sri Lanka's 25-year-long civil war ended in 2009. Following the conflict, large tracts of land inhabited by Tamil communities in the North and East of the country were taken by the military, says a study by U.S.-based think-tank the Oakland Institute.
Not only was the land taken, in many cases it was developed for commercial purposes.